IGNOU Projects

Format of IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report (MFNP-12)

Your IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report must be well-organized, comprehensive, and objective. Present the progression of thoughts and concepts succinctly, plainly, and orderly. Frequently, IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Reports are divided into sections such as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Result and Discussion, and this format is referred to as the IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report Format.

Basic Components of IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report (MFNP-12)

IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Reports and Dissertations share several fundamental components. These components include the following:


The dissertation title should be precise, succinct, and appropriately descriptive of the report’s content. While creating a dissertation title, the following fundamental rules should be kept in mind:

– Utilize a succinct title that is significant

– It should be compelling enough to pique the reader’s interest.

– All words in the title, with the exception of the articles (a and an), and prepositions (in, of, from, to, with respect to, at, etc. ), should be capitalised.

– Avoid acronyms, chemical formulas, brand names, and technical language in the title.


An abstract is a brief (one page or less) description of the research effort, including the research question, the motivation for the study, the hypothesis (if any), the technique, and the researcher’s results and key conclusions based on the research conducted.

It is critical to realise that an abstract is intended to assist the reader in comprehending the substance of a report without having to read the whole report.

Bear in mind that while writing the abstract, you should ensure that it addresses three fundamental questions. These include the following:

1) What is the research question; what is the subject of this paper? (Include the study’s overall problem, aim, and scope.)

2) How did you do your research? (Method descriptions may include the design, methods, sample, and any equipment utilised.)

3) What have you discovered? (Summary of the findings, highlighting just the most significant findings)

Typically, an abstract typically includes important phrases pertaining to the study’s research. However, ensure that it does not contain any references to bibliographies, tables, or figures. Bear in mind that the abstract should be written in brief and succinct words, in the past tense, and, to the extent feasible, in passive voice, as it refers to completed work.


The introduction informs the reader about the specific subject of the investigation. The introduction’s primary aim is to establish the essential context or backdrop for your research challenge, to explain your topic selection, and to describe plainly the investigation’s objectives or hypothesis. To begin, you should provide a general overview/concept of the subject of your study. This procedure may include citations to appropriate primary literature and other technical sources. A brief review of the literature, limited to influential studies and findings relevant to your study, may be included to provide some context for the reader (who may or may not be familiar) regarding what is known and what is not known about the subject of investigation, thereby identifying the general ‘gap’ in the literature.

After establishing a broad context, the introduction should focus on or narrow down to the specific topic under investigation. The necessity of studying, investigating, and addressing the specific problem should be justified through the use of appropriate references and citations from original literature.

Finally, the general/specific aims or hypotheses of your study should be expressed clearly yet succinctly, as should the material under examination. The research objective(s) is a concise description of the study’s particular goals, which defines the study’s important variables and their probable interactions, as well as the characteristics of the population of interest. Study objectives/questions might be broad in scope or sufficiently precise to focus your IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report. The proposal stage objectives/hypotheses should be repeated in the completed dissertation.

Review of the Literature

The literature review is a critical overview of past research on a particular subject that is often written by you to contextualise your research challenge or to highlight gaps and shortcomings in prior studies in order to support your inquiry. It entails conducting a systematic review of publications pertinent to the chosen topic of research.

As you may have gathered by now, the process of doing a literature review begins even before the stage of defining the research subject or problem and continues until the IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report is submitted/published. While writing your proposal, you should have previously conducted an exhaustive and thorough review of the literature, which includes articles in nutrition, health, and dietetic journals, as well as textbooks, monographs, bulletins, and other works on your specific study topic. This review would have aided you in presenting a summative review/critique of your research problem in the report in terms of: — level of research, knowledge developed in the field of study, and thus presenting what is already known and what remains to be investigated in the specific area of research;

— comprehending and expressing fundamental definitions, ideas, principles, and variables,

— defining and implementing the study design, analytical methodologies, tools, techniques, and instruments, and — orientation to the constraints, issues, and difficulties faced by other researchers, therefore avoiding roadblocks and guaranteeing effective resource use.

Your literature review might be organised in a variety of ways. Utilize subheadings to organise and cohere your evaluation. After establishing the significance of your study subject and its present level of growth, you might devote many subsections to related themes, concepts, and so on.

The literature study should be extremely comprehensive, thorough, and detailed.

Bear in mind that your literature evaluation should inform your choice of research topic, study objectives/questions, and technique. Additionally, the literature review will be beneficial when explaining your findings and making appropriate implications from them.


This part is largely intended to demonstrate that, based on your understanding of the literature, you have a relevant and practical strategy to exploring and testing your aims / working hypotheses / propositions.

Simply said, the material part of your IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report is responsible for identifying and documenting the materials, methods, processes, techniques, and equipment utilised to conduct the study. The objective of this part is to define the method, describe the activities, and outline your work plan for the study. This will assist any reviewer or examiner in determining whether your approach was/is acceptable and applicable while also providing correct information to any other researcher who want to replicate the experiment.


This part summarises your investigation’s findings, which may include text, tables, and figures. Concentrate on choosing and clearly presenting the most noteworthy outcomes. Include the sample size and the sample size obtained after data cleaning or ambiguity removal. If the sample size was significantly different from the norm, this information should be included. Include any exploratory research findings as well.


It is critical to persuade the reader of your research’s potential significance. This is accomplished through the use of the discussion section. The discussion section summarises the study questions, methods, and findings succinctly. It describes in detail what it all means from a restricted perspective; it explains how this research added new information, if any, or how it broke new ground or opened new lines of investigation, and/or how it constrained and added to established knowledge. This is the one part where some speculation and explanation of your interpretations of the findings are acceptable. As you will discover, the discussion part is the most difficult to write.

To create a meaningful debate, we must be well-versed in the applicable literature, current, and possess strong academic understanding and knowledge of the relevant subject/topic/concept/idea under examination.

Conclusions and Synopsis

Interpret, evaluate, and qualify the findings of your study and make implications from them in the ‘Summary and Conclusion’ part of your IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report.

In the Findings section, describe succinctly the study’s conclusions based on the analysis done and the data obtained. Indicate the extent to which the given objectives have been met by evidence or logical progression. If theories drove the investigation, indicate whether the findings supported or refuted these hypotheses. If necessary, provide alternate interpretations for the findings. Outline the study’s merits, shortcomings, and limitations.

Present a summary of the whole article in the Summary section, prepared in such a way that it could stand alone. It should be around four or five pages long.


The recommendation section is the final section of the IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report and should include some practical recommendations for researchers and scholars, such as additional research, changes to research methods or theoretical concepts, or how the research should be conducted differently, as a result of your research and findings. Make recommendations for changes to academic practise, professional practise, or organisational policies, practises, and conduct, as appropriate.

Our report is more or less complete with the recommendations. However, do not overlook the bibliography and appendices.


A bibliography is a collection of references/publications/citations, typically organised by author, date, or subject, that are referenced while writing a report, book, article, or assignment. Your bibliography/reference section should occur at the conclusion of your IGNOU MSCDFSM Project Report (after the section on suggestions). You would add an alphabetical list of all sources, i.e. writings/publications/citations, that were utilised or consulted in producing your study and report in the bibliography.

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