IGNOU Projects

IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law)


International Humanitarian Law is a set of rules which seek for humanitarian reasons, to limit the effects conflict. It protects from who are not participating in the hostilities and restricts the means of methods or warfare. It provides specialists understanding on contemporary issues in international humanitarian law in South Asian Regions. The Maximum duration of this course is two years and the minimum duration is six months.

Objectives of the Synopsis and Project Report at IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Level

Within this framework, Synopsis and Project Report Work of BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law), the following specific objectives to enable a learner to:

  • Identify and formulate research problems
  • Write a good research proposal
  • Identify and use appropriate research design
  • Conduct scientific investigation in a systematic way
  • Collect and analyze the data
  • Learn to use appropriate statistical methods

Preparation/Formulation of IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis or Project Proposal

The learners have to choose a particular area in which they are interested in. Then in consultation with the Guide, they have to select a particular topic for their project work.

The project proposal is an outline of the detailed work to be undertaken by the learner.

The following format can be followed for preparing the project proposal

  • The Title of the Proposed Project
  • Background of the Study
  • Literature Review
  • The rationale of the Study
  • Objectives of the Study
  • The hypothesis of the Study If any
  • Research Methodology: Sample, Tests/Tools, Statistics to be used
  • References/Bibliography

Download IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis or Project Proposal Sample

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Topics for IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis and Project Report





Preparation/Formulation of IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Project Report/Dissertation/Thesis

The size of the project report depends on the nature of the theme of the project you have selected. However, it is desirable that the project report should be around 100 pages typed in double space. The report should be in A4 size sheet.

The Report should be in the following format.

S. No.PartsDescription
1TITLEThe first page of the report should indicate the title of the project, name of the candidate, address, enrolment number and year.
1. Certificate
2. Acknowledgment
3. Table of Contents
2 INTRODUCTIONThis section will introduce the problem. It should be able to give an idea to the reader what the topic is all about, how did the topic emerge, and what made the researcher take up the topic. The introduction must contain the rationale and purpose of the research.
3REVIEW OF THE LITERATUREReview of literature is a collective body of works done by earlier researchers and published in the form of books, journals, articles. It helps in generating ideas and developing significant questions for the research work.
4SIGNIFICANCEThe rationale for carrying out a particular project is explained here.
5OBJECTIVE /HYPOTHESISThis will basically consist of the main objectives or purpose of the research. For example, to study the effect of family environment on the self-concept of the students. A hypothesis is also provided which is a tentative statement about the cause and effect relationship between the independent and dependent variables.
6METHODOLOGYThe methodology includes Sample, Tests/Tools, and Statistical Analysis. The size and nature of the sample will depend on the topic selected. Tests/ tools are to be selected based on the objectives of the research. The data collected with the help of the tests/ tools are then analyzed by using appropriate statistical techniques.
7RESULT AND DISCUSSIONThe findings of the research after the statistical analysis of data are reported in tabular and graphical form. This is then discussed in the light of the existing research studies. The implication of the findings is also discussed.
8CONCLUSIONUnder this heading, the learner has to conclude the findings of the research.
9DELIMITATIONConstraints and limitations of the research are mentioned here.
10SUGGESTIONSBased on the research findings, the learner can give suggestions for further research in a particular area.
11REFERENCES (APA STYLE)References have to be written in APA format. These should be alphabetically listed.

Who Can Be the Guide/Supervisor for IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis and Project Report

The learner will require a Guide/Supervisor for carrying out the Project.

The eligibility criteria to be a Guide/Supervisor is as follows:

a) From Study Centre/ Regional Centre/ otherwise direct can from Maidan Garhi also.

b) M.Phil/PhD. in International Humanitarian Law with a minimum of two years Undergraduate/Post Graduate teaching experience


c) Master’s Degree in International Humanitarian Law with a minimum of two years experience at Post Graduate level.


d) Master’s Degree in International Humanitarian Law with a minimum of five years of teaching experience at the Undergraduate level.

The student while submitting the synopsis should also submit the bio-data of the supervisor, duly signed by the supervisor (Refer to Appendix-I).

The learner will submit the synopsis along with the bio-data of the supervisor (wherever it is required), at the Study Centre/Regional Centre.

The Study Centre/Regional Centre will then send these synopses to the Discipline of Tourism Management, IGNOU, New Delhi for necessary approval.

There will be remuneration to the Supervisor/Guide for guiding each project. He/she can claim Project Guidance remuneration using a Pro forma (Appendix-II), after final submission of the project/dissertation of the learners at the Regional Centre.

For more related information read FAQs.


Q1. What are the last dates for IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis and Project Report Submissions?



Q2. What are the criteria for submission of IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis?

Ans: The learner has to prepare the project proposal/synopsis and submit it at their Study Centre itself. The Program In-charge of the Study Centre will examine the proposals and give approval to it. Wherever modification is required, these will be conveyed to the learner and accordingly, the learner will resubmit it to the study center with necessary modifications.

The project proposal should be submitted in A4 size paper typed in double space along with a consent letter of the Guide (Appendix II) and the pro forma for approval (Appendix III). The learner is advised to retain a copy of the synopsis. Proposals not accompanying the above papers will not be considered for approval. Please submit a proposal before the last date of submission.

Q3. What are some important points to remember during submission of the IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) Synopsis?


  1. Submit only one copy of the Project Proposal, and keep a copy with you.
  2. BLEP 38 should be written prominently on the envelope and should be submitted at the Study Centre.
  3. Ensure the inclusion of the following while submitting the proposal:
    • Pro forma for Approval of Project Proposal duly filled and signed by both, the learner and the guide/supervisor.
    • Detailed Bio-data of the Supervisor/Guide duly signed by him/her (in the case where the Academic Counselor is not the Guide).
    • Consent letter of the Supervisor/Guide.
    • Synopsis of the Project.

Q4. How to Select Topic Wisely For IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law)?

Ans: The topic you choose should be interesting and have deep knowledge about that. The project should be eye-catching to the examiner. Make your project covered with all the important headlines and topic in a limited page do not exceed more than 1200 words.

Q5. Any idea of methodology before conducting research investigation?


  1. Type of data to be collected for methodology
  2. Tools of data collection (questionnaires, interviews)
  3. Sources to be used(bibliography)
  4. Fieldwork
  5. Whether to take attachment with some organizations
  6. Tabulation and Analysis of data
  7. The time frame of the study
  8. Cost estimates.

Q6. What will be the style of report writing?

Ans: The project should be creative and logical. Use simple words whenever possible and the language should be straight forward and Good. Avoid using abbreviation like (&, b/w, etc). The tense in the report matters a lot it should be present tense.

Q7. Minimum Marks to Get Pass?

Ans:The total marks of this project synopsis (IGNOU BLEP 38 (Certificate in International Humanitarian Law) is 100. To get pass, we should obtain minimum 40% out of 100.

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